FORM OF A TURKISH SENTENCE
- In a regular sentence verb comes at the end of the sentence.
e.g. O Türkçe öğreniyor. = She is learning Turkish. ( O: He/She, ogrenmek: learn, Ogreniyor: is learning
2. order of the sentence is like this:
Subject + Complements + VERB
Ahmet işe gelmedi. = Ahmet didn’t come to work.( iş: work, işe: to work, gelmek: come, gelmedi: did not come
3. Subject and verb must be harmonic.
Sen kitap okuyorsun. Ben okumuyorum.
You book are reading. I am not reading.
Sen: you, kitap: book, okumak: read, okuyor: is reading, okuyorsun: you are reading
Ben: I, okumuyor: not reading, okumuyorum: I am not reading
4. The word before the verb is the most important word of the sentence and conveys the main point.
e.g. Yarın eve Ali ile gideceğim. (‘Ali’ is emphesised here)
Eve Ali ile yarın gidecegim. (‘Yarin’ is emphesised here)
Yarın Ali ile eve gidecegim. (‘eve’ is emphesised here)
Yarın: tomorrow, eve: to home, gitmek: go, gidecek: will go, gidecegim: i will go
Above sentences have subject ‘I’ but it is hidden. In most of the sentences subject can be hidden. Also it is still at the beginning of the sentences and complemets are between Subject and verb.
Yarin eve Ali ile gidecegim: I will go to home with Ali tomorrow.